Voting machines easily haced to run PAC-MAN

PAC-MAN on the Sequoia AVC-Edge DRE voting machine

Source: https://jhalderm.com/pacman/

pacman hack on voting machine sequoia edge

What is the Sequoia AVC Edge?

It’s a touch-screen DRE (direct-recording electronic) voting machine. Like all DREs, it stores votes in a computer memory. In 2008, the AVC Edge was used in 161 jurisdictions with almost 9 million registered voters, including large parts of Louisiana, Missouri, Nevada, and Virginia, according to Verified Voting.

Where did this machine come from?

It was last used in Williamsburg, Virginia for the 2008 primaries. Due to a state ban on DREs, the city then switched to optical scan voting and sold off its AVC Edge machines. Jeremy Epstein, Josh Holt, and Rebecca Hulse purchased two of them for $100. They sent one machine to Joseph Lorenzo Hall, who provided it to us.

What’s inside the AVC Edge?

It has a 486 SLE processor and 32 MB of RAM—similar specs to a 20-year-old PC. The election software is stored on an internal CompactFlash memory card. Modifying it is as simple as removing the card and inserting it into a PC.

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